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But just how can you create a system Which Has a decentralized ledger How can you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them a lot of powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their work
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves that in a Really creative manner I like to call Who Wants to Be a Banker
In a nutshell, anyone who wants to participate in updating the ledger of all Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do so. Whatever you need is to suppose a random number that solves an equation generated by the system. Sounds easy, right
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Of course, this guessing is all done by your PC. The stronger your computer is, the more supposes you can create in one second, increasing your chances of winning this game. If you manage to figure right, you earn bitcoins and get to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining computer comes up with the right guess, your mining program determines which of the current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this block represents your moment of glory, as youve now develop into a temporary banker of Bitcoin who gets to upgrade the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve created, along with the solution, is sent to the whole network so other computers can validate it. Its a bit similar to some Rubiks cube: The solution is very tough to attain but quite easy to validate.
3. Every computer which validates your solution upgrades its copy of the Bitcoin transaction ledger with the transactions that you chose to include in the cube.
4. The machine generates a predetermined amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them as compensation for the time and energy you spent solving the math problem.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees which were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. Each of the transactions in the cube youve just entered are now confirmed by the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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Therefore thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining due to the fact that this procedure helps mine new Bitcoins from the computer system. But if you think about it, the mining part is just a by-product of the transaction confirmation procedure. Therefore the name is a bit misleading, since the main goal of mining is to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a type of guessing, for each block, a different miner will suppose the number and also be granted the right to upgrade the blockchain. Obviously, that the miners with more computing power visit here will succeed more often, but due to the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the same miner will succeed each time. .
Now you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the rules for mining in a manner that the more mining power the network gets, the harder it is to imagine the answer to the mining mathematics problem. Therefore that the difficulty of this mining method is actually self-adjusting into the accumulated mining capability the network owns. .
If more miners join, it is going to get harder to address the problem; if many of them fall off, it will get easier. This can be known as mining difficulty.
Now, remember, this is on average. We can have two blocks being added minute after minute and then wait an hour to the next block. In the long run, this will even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this type of self-adjusting mechanism has created a sort of arms race to get the most efficient and powerful miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there Website werent a great deal of miners on the market. In reality, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and also his friend Hal Finney were a couple of the only individuals mining Bitcoin back at the time with their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was low. Since Bitcoin started to catch on, people looked for more potent mining solutions.