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But how do you create a system Which Has a decentralized ledger How can you give someone the ability to upgrade the ledger without giving them too much powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their work
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves this in a very creative manner I love to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In short, anyone who wants to participate in updating the ledger of all Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do so. Whatever you need is to suppose a random number that solves an equation generated by the computer system. Sounds easy, right
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Obviously, this guessing is all done by your PC. The more powerful your computer is, the further guesses you can create in a second, increasing your chances of winning this match. If you manage to guess correctly, you earn bitcoins and get to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining pc comes up with the right suspect, your mining program determines which of the current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this block represents your moment of glory, as youve now become a temporary banker of Bitcoin who has to update the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve created, along with your solution, is sent to the whole network so other computers can validate it. Its a bit similar to a Rubiks cube: The solution is quite tough to achieve but quite easy to validate.
3. Every computer which validates your solution updates its copy of this Bitcoin transaction ledger together with the transactions you chose to include in the cube.
4. The machine generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and rewards them as compensation for the time and energy you spent solving the math issue.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees that were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. All the transactions in the cube youve just entered are now confirmed by the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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Therefore thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining due to the fact that this process helps mine new Bitcoins from the system. But if you think about it, the mining part is just a by-product of the transaction confirmation process. Therefore that the name is somewhat misleading, since the main objective of mining would be to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a type of guessing, for each block, a different miner will suppose the number and also be granted the right to upgrade the blockchain. Obviously, the miners with computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the exact same miner will succeed every time. .
Now you know what Bitcoin mining is, you may be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the principles for mining in a way that the further mining power the network has, the harder it is to imagine the answer to the mining math problem. So the difficulty of this mining process is really self-adjusting to the accumulated mining capability the network possesses. .
If more miners join, it is going to get more difficult to solve the problem; when many of them drop off, it is going to get easier. This is known as mining issue.
Now, rememberthis is on average. We can have two cubes being added minute after minute and then wait an hour for the next block. In the long run, this may even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this type of self-adjusting mechanism has created a type of arms race to get the most efficient and strong miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a lot of miners out there. In fact, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and his friend Hal Finney were a few the only individuals mining Bitcoin back in the time with their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was reduced. As Bitcoin started to catch on, folks looked for more powerful mining solutions.