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But how can you create a system that has a decentralized ledger How can you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them a lot of powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their job
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves that in a Really creative way I like to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In a nutshell, anyone who wants to participate in updating the ledger of Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. All you need is to suppose a random number that solves an equation generated by the computer system. Sounds easy, right
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Obviously, this guessing is all done by your computer. The more powerful your computer is, the further guesses you can make in one second, increasing your chances of winning this match. If you manage to guess right, you earn bitcoins and get to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining computer comes up with the right guess, your mining system determines which of the current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this cube represents the moment of glory, as youve now develop into a temporary banker of Bitcoin who gets to update the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve generated, along with the solution, is sent to the whole network so other computers can validate it. Its somewhat similar to a Rubiks cube: The solution is quite hard to attain but very easy to validate.
3. Each computer which validates your solution upgrades its copy of this Bitcoin transaction ledger together with the transactions you opted to include in the cube.
4. The machine generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them to you as compensation for the time and energy you spent solving the math issue.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees that wikipedia reference were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. Each of the transactions in the block youve only entered are now confirmed from the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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Therefore thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining due to the fact that this procedure helps mine new Bitcoins from the computer system. But if you think about it, the mining part is merely a by-product of this transaction confirmation process. Therefore the name is somewhat misleading, since the main goal of mining would be to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, anonymous since mining is based on a type of guessing, for every block, a different miner will guess the number and also be granted the right to upgrade the blockchain. Of course, that the miners with computing power will succeed more often, but due to the law of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the same miner will succeed each time. .
Now you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the principles for mining in a way that the more mining power the network has, the harder it is to imagine the answer to the mining math problem. So the difficulty of the mining method is really self-adjusting to the accumulated mining capability the network possesses. .
If more miners join, it is going to get harder to solve the issue; when many of them fall off, it will get easier. This can be known as mining issue.
Now, remember, this is on average. We can have two cubes being inserted minute after minute and then wait an hour to the next block. In the long run, this may even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this type of self-adjusting mechanism has created a sort of arms race to acquire the most efficient and powerful miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a lot of miners on the market. In fact, Satoshi, Read Full Article the inventor of Bitcoin, and also his friend Hal Finney were a couple of the only individuals mining Bitcoin back at the time with their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was reduced. As Bitcoin started to catch on, folks looked for more potent mining solutions.